output - output data file formats
This manual page describes the output formats of the files
created by the Yagi-Uda project's output program. The files
are ASCII file, so can be analysed with any graph plotting
Example of a .dat File
Below is a typical .dat file, for a 4ele 144-146MHz beam,
optimised for a huge (and useless) FB.
# Driven=1 parasitic=3 total-elements=4 design=145.000MHz
# Checked from 144.000MHz to 146.000MHz.
f(MHz) E(deg) H(deg) R jX VSWR Gain(dBi) FB(dB) SideLobes(dB)
144.000 54.7 71.5 44.47 -2.35 1.136 9.386 21.944 16.650
144.500 54.0 70.1 41.34 -0.75 1.210 9.553 27.244 17.153
145.000 53.2 68.4 37.55 1.61 1.335 9.742 103.055 17.777
145.500 52.3 66.6 33.26 5.00 1.530 9.947 25.734 18.547
146.000 51.3 64.6 28.77 9.63 1.832 10.149 18.919 18.919
What is what in the .dat
The f(MHz) column is the frequency (MHz) at which the data
is evaluated at.
The E(deg) column is the approximate 3dB E-plane bandwidth
calculated to the nearest 0.1 degree.
The H(deg) column is the approximate 3dB H-plane bandwidth
calculated to the nearest 0.1 degree.
The (R) column is the input resistance in Ohms.
The (jX) column is the input reactance in Ohms.
The (VSWR) column is the input VSWR, usually refered to a 50
Ohm input, but this may be changed.
The Gain (dBi) column is the gain at theta=90 degrees, which
is the forward direction of the beam. It is possible that a
higher gain occurs at other than 90 degrees, but this is not
taken into account. The antenna is seriously at fault if
The FB(dB) column is the front to back ratio in dB.
The Sidelobes(dB) column is the minimum level in dB down
from the peak gain of any sidelobe. This is not calculated
unless the '-c' option is used, and then only on some optim-
Example of a .gai File
The following is a small section of the .gai file.
f(MHz) theta gain-E(dBi) G(E)-peak phi gain-H(dBi) G(H)-peak
144.0000 -90.0000 -12.5584 -21.9444 -180.0000 -12.5584 -21.9444
144.0000 -45.0000 -7.3507 -16.7367 -135.0000 -3.5971 -12.9830
144.0000 0.0000 -999.0000 -1008.3860 -90.0000 -0.9010 -10.2870
144.0000 45.0000 0.1848 -9.2012 -45.0000 4.0261 -5.3599
144.0000 90.0000 9.3860 0.0000 0.0000 9.3860 0.0000
144.0000 135.0000 0.1848 -9.2012 45.0000 4.0261 -5.3599
144.0000 180.0000 -999.0000 -1008.3860 90.0000 -0.9010 -10.2870
144.0000 225.0000 -7.3507 -16.7367 135.0000 -3.5971 -12.9830
144.0000 270.0000 -12.5584 -21.9444 180.0000 -12.5584 -21.9444
What is what in the .gai
The f(MHz) column is the frequency in MHz.
The theta column is the angle theta, for which the next two
The gain-E(dBi) is the gain at theta, relative to an isotro-
pic radiator. This is the E-plane gain. Hence at the peak
(theta), this gives the peak forward gain.
The G(E)-peak is the gain at theta, relative to the peak
gain. Hence at the peak (theta=90 degrees), this is zero.
The phi column has nothing to do with the previous 3
columns. It is the angle for which the next two columns
The gain-H(dBi) is the gain at phi, relative to an isotropic
radiator. This is the H-plane gain. Hence at the peak
(phi=0), this gives the peak forward gain.
The G(H)-peak is the gain at phi, relative to the peak gain.
Hence at the peak (phi=0 degrees), this is zero.
Example of a .up File
The .up file list the improvements made by optimise to an
antenna design. Starting from the original design, the file
is appended each time a new better design is found. Here is
an example, where the final line is the performance of the
4ele beam with the .dat file shown earlier.
1 7.57dBi, 16.93dB F/B, Z=(31.77-56.34j) Ohms, VSWR=3.95, SL=16.95 dB
84 7.58dBi, 16.93dB F/B, Z=(31.78-56.32j) Ohms, VSWR=3.95, SL=16.95 dB
623 7.58dBi, 16.93dB F/B, Z=(31.78-56.28j) Ohms, VSWR=3.95, SL=16.95 dB
89345 9.74dBi, 103.06dB F/B, Z=(37.55 +1.61j) Ohms, VSWR=1.33, SL=17.78 dB
What is what in the .up
The first column is an integer specifying the iteration. The
other columns, going from left to right are gain(dBi), FB,
input impedance, VSWR and level of the most significant
sidelobe, in dB down on the peak gain.
yagi(1), output(1), input(1), optimise(1), first(1) and
Dr. David Kirkby G8WRB (email@example.com), with help
with converting to DOS from Dr. Joe Mack NA3T
Man(1) output converted with